The rules include elements from wheelchair basketball, ice hockey, handball and rugby union.
Although most have spinal cord injuries, players may also qualify through multiple amputations, neurological disorders or other medical conditions.A team is not allowed to have more than three players in their own key while they are defending their goal line. dating for ældre Hillerød Offensive players are not permitted to remain in the opposing team's key for more than ten seconds.Players are assigned a functional level in points, and each team is limited to fielding a team with a total of eight points.Wheelchair rugby is played indoors on a hardwood court, and physical contact between wheelchairs is an integral part of the game.
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In the late 1980s, the name of the sport outside the United States was officially changed from Murderball to Wheelchair Rugby.In the United States, the sport's name was changed to Quad Rugby.With the aid of the University of North Dakota's Disabled Student Services, he formed the first American team, the Wallbangers.The first North American competition was held in 1982.The first international tournament was held in 1989 in Toronto, Canada, with teams from Canada, the United States and Great Britain.
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In 1990, Wheelchair Rugby first appeared at the International Stoke Mandeville Games as an exhibition event, and in 1993 the sport was recognized as an official international sport for athletes with a disability by the International Stoke Mandeville Wheelchair Sports Federation (ISMWSF).
Wheelchair rugby was created to be a sport for persons with quadriplegia in 1976 by five Canadian wheelchair athletes, Jerry Terwin, Duncan Campbell, Randy Dueck, Paul Le Jeune and Chris Sargent, in Winnipeg.
At that time, wheelchair basketball was the most common team sport for wheelchair users.
The sport has had full medal status since the 2000 Summer Paralympics in Sydney, Australia and there are now twenty-five active countries in international competition, with several others developing the sport.
Wheelchair rugby is mostly played by two teams of up to twelve players.